The following is a brief guide to the study of archaeology, and how you can learn about it here.
The ultimate goal of the study of archaeology is to add to the understanding of World, sort of a Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, Planet Earth division (and 'mostly harmless' won't work).
History of Archaeology
Archaeology has a long and checkered history; this short course will give you some insight into how we got where we are today.
In the Methods section of About's Introduction to Archaeology, you'll find how archaeologists come up with dates for objects and sites, what an archaeological survey is, and what needs to be done before you excavate.
Careers in Archaeology
Want to know what options there are for a career in archaeology? Here's the place to start.