In technical terms, a short message of 160 characters or fewer (including spaces) can be sent from or delivered to an enabled mobile phone.
The service is typically available on most personal mobile devices that are equipped with wireless telecommunications.
An SMS is typically delivered within seconds but can depend upon the gateway, network traffic and the receiving party's availability.
In recent years, SMS has become a phenomenon especially among young people.
SMS is popular because it is an effective way of communicating directly to the intended recipient as close to real time as possible.
SMS text messaging is the most widely used data application on the planet, with 2.
4 billion active users, or 74% of all mobile phone subscribers sending and receiving text messages on their phones.
The most common method of SMS communication is person-to-person, but text messages can also be used for interacting with automated systems.
Typical examples include automated downloads of mobile services, polls or participating in contests.
Sending text messages is a cost effective and efficient way of communication.
These are some examples: a) You are a business wanting to immediately alert your customers of news, sales or events.
b) You are an organization wanting to send messages to individuals or groups about impendint meetings, events or promotions.
c) You are an individual looking to send a quick message or group text messages to your friends.
d) You want to participate in a national poll or contest.
e) You want to be sent an SMS about special occasions, chores or meetings.
f) You want to be entertained through daily SMS flirts or jokes sent to your phone.
A cell phone is not mandatory for texting.
There are some internet websites that allow users to send text messages free of charge to the sender.
These services are often supported by advertisers or donations.