Regional Names of Bhai Duj - Bhai Phota, Bhai Tika, Bhav Bij
Bhai Tika / Bhai Teeka
Bhai Tika is the fifth and the final day of the popular Festival of Light called ‘Tihar' or ‘Panchak Yama' in Nepal. As Bhai Tika is a part of Tihar celebrations it is also known as ‘Bhai Tihar'. On this day, sisters apply tilak on the forehead of their brothers and pray to Lord Yama, the God of death, for their brother's long and prosperous life.
Bhathru Dwithiya falls on the fifth and last day of Diwali celebrations. This corresponds with the ‘Dwitheya Day' meaning, second day after new moon. Sisters pray for their brothers long life as they perform arti on them and apply teeka on their forehead. An exchange of gifts heightens the enthusiasm of the day.
‘Ditya' in the term ‘Bhatri Ditya' implies that the festival falls on the second day after new moon. ‘Bhatri' means brother. Sisters pray for their brothers' long and happy life on this day and there is a spirit of harmony and bonhomie in the entire family because it is a kind of family get together on the auspicious occasion.
Bhav Bij / Bhai Bij / Bhaubeej
Bhai Dooj is popularly known as Bhai Bij, Bhaubeej or Bhav Bij amongst the Marathi speaking community in the states of Maharashtra and Goa. Highpoint of Bhai Bij celebration in Maharashtra is a special sweet called Basundi Poori of Shrikhand Poori and Bhav Bij gifts.
Bhai Fota is a prominent Hindu festival celebrated in the state of West Bengal on the Dvitya or the second day after the Kali Puja. Bhai Phota is a festival that strengthens the beautiful bond of love and affection between a brother and his sister.
Bhai Dooj festival is also known by the name of Yamadwitheya. This falls on the second day after Diwali and the next day after new moon night. Dhanatrayodashi, Narakchaturdashi, Amavasya (Laxmi Pujan), Balipratipada and Yamadvitiya also called Bhai Dooj are the five days which comprise Diwali. Each day is associated with a religious significance.