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The Roots Of Chinese Calligraphy

Chinese calligraphy unites the achievements of Eastern culture and treasures of Eastern art.
It is an object of Chinese pride, which made a huge contribution to the history of world fine arts.
Nowadays due to increasing development of China and its status as one of the fastest-growing economics, the interest to Chinese culture has raised as well.
Calligraphy, as one of its main components, takes roots from very ancient times, which are preserved to date.
1.
Cut shapes of Chinese hieroglyphs were discovered for the first time on the pottery.
The first signs did not reflect the exact meaning, and carried out only a generalized or approximate sense.
These characters are not letters, and they are most likely to be considered as the ancestors of Chinese characters.
In particular, such conclusions were made after archeological digging in Banpo, where the pottery items dated back to 4000 BC with hieroglyphs were revealed.
2.
A bit earlier evidences of Chinese calligraphy were noticed on the animals' bones and turtles' armors of 3000 BC.
In particular, these writings were acknowledged as the first milestone in the development of Chinese writing style.
These signs are performed in very diverse ways: some are deeply cut, others are very abrupt, and the third group is rounded in lines.
In general, they are more harmonious and soft than the marks on the pottery; they seem to adjust to the natural shape of bones and shells.
Many of the modern principles of Chinese calligraphy were displayed in the inscriptions on bones.
3.
Shang dynasty, Western Zhou, The Spring and Autumn Period, the era of the Warring Kingdoms - these are the periods, when writing on bronze was popular.
One of the sacred religious objects was a bronze vessel, which usually contained the engraved lines stiffer than the inscriptions on bones and shells; it is important to note that, icons and signs were more detailed.
The earliest inscriptions on bronze utensils belong to the middle period of the Shang Dynasty.
4.
After the Qin Dynasty united the six countries, there was a hieroglyphic Chinese font Qin, or small print.
It got rid of many unnecessary elements and became much more simplified than its precursors.
Calligraphy of Qin era has left a big mark in the history of art in China; it, apparently, might be assumed as the inspiration of the early development of calligraphy, which found its further milestones during times od dynasties, which ruled the country later.

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