Born on August 17, 1887 in St, Ann's Bay in Jamaica, Garvey led the world's largest organized movement of African ancestry people.
He is known as the champion of the movement "Back-to-Africa" and a person who gave so much pride to Jamaican flag.
Garvey built a movement with the goal of inspiring all of African ancestry people in redeeming Africa and for European colonial powers in leaving Africa.
Garvey was the youngest among the 11 children.
Nine of his siblings died during their childhood stage.
He is an intelligent student and went to schools in St.
Ann's Bay where he received his infant and elementary education.
At the young age of 14, Garvey became an apprentice to his godfather Mr.
Alfred Burrowes who owned a printing company.
Garvey has the passion for reading books which he inherited from his father who was a skilled mason and owned a private library.
His love for reading was cultivated even more when he apprenticed for Burrowes, for his godfather also owned an extensive collection of books.
While apprenticing in Burrowes' printing company, Garvey met numerous persons who discussed with him social and political affairs.
It was believed that his interest in social and political affairs started during that time.
Garvey lived in different places such as Caribbean, London, and New York City.
In 1910, he worked in Costa Rica and held the position of a time-keeper.
It was in Costa Rica when Garvey became determined to change the African people's lives.
He traveled to different parts of Central America regions working and observing at the same time the working conditions of his fellow black people and everywhere he go, Garvey noticed the hardships of African people.