- Disease of the jaw bone may occur from an injury, tooth extraction or cancer radiation therapy given to the head or neck, explains the Merck Medical Manual. There is also a slight risk of jaw osteonecrosis associated with a class of intravenous medications called bisphosphonates, which are used to treat osteoporosis and some types of cancer.
- Patients with disease of the jaw bone typically experience pain that becomes progressively more severe as the condition progresses, reports the Merck Medical Manual. Some patients report a pus-like discharge from the jaw, and others develop no noticeable symptoms.
- To diagnose jaw bone disease, doctors typically use diagnostic images like X-rays or magnetic resonance imaging exams, according to the Merck Medical Manual.
- Doctors typically treat disease of the jaw bone by prescribing oral antibiotics and mouth rinses and pain relievers to ease discomfort, and such treatments are often effective within a few months, explains the American College of Rheumatology. In some cases, doctors may scrape away part of the jaw bone that has already begun to die.
- Good oral hygiene and regular dental cleanings and care are the best ways to prevent ostenecrosis of your jaw, suggests the American College of Rheumatology. Opting for root canals rather than teeth extraction may also prove beneficial to people at risk for developing jaw bone disease.