Poverty and social contract unimplemented in Albania
What have they done to society and peoples the political leaders before have requested from Albania to reward their merits?
In Albania as in few other countries there is no official poverty. I mean a level indicating that who is below this threshold could be considered as a poor individual. In this discussion does not include the level of economic assistance. These studies and calculations that were made public often are confused with the minimum wage limit for labor taxes purposes. For all that relates to poverty, it is considered as a lack of the most basic needs for an individual or family to live normally. Being poor mean being deprived of basic needs and basic pleasures of human life. Albania, as a few former socialist countries inherited a social support system, which served the basic livelihood for every citizen of the country. Unfortunately, this system is not changed for the better with the change of system and political order. If you prefer, you can use to convince yourself and to check the implementing of the social contract in the last quarter-century.
But where exactly is borderline in the standard of living to distinguish poverty?
One way proposed as an alternative of time has been the definition of poverty based on vital spending on essentials for living. This choice stems from the public perception that poverty is a major nuisance. Another way is given by indicators of income and consumption effect on the determination of the poverty level. The facts in our country show that this approach based on a given income is an incredible data to really measure individual incomes, and especially for those who earn only to live. The incomes of individuals are difficult to be identified for as long as generated in an economy where informality and circulation of currency outside the banking system is on the same level that is formality of economy. On the other hand, fiscal dramatic heritage of fiscal documentation of individual transactions for their daily expenses does not allow identification of any trace or document linked to the individual's name. Although you can ask how income is spent by a family or even individual per month, nevertheless the "archive" of documents of spending for these categories is poor and not able to take in the correct conclusions.
To limit the discussion of poverty in Albania I am focused on the percentage of Albanians who consume below the official minimum wage.
The amounts of income of individuals for the last 25 years in Albania are from different sources and this is the beauty of the system we live. What is not perceived as good sign (abnormality) is the ugliness of lacks of equality in payment of proper tax burden into the state budget, or said in other words the prevalence still of evasion and of escaping the obligation to contribute for the government budget.
The facts show that incomes are concentrated in small groups of individuals and families who make up less than 4% of the total population. High level of individuals, who do not have formalized the sources of income, constitutes the main challenge governmental battle, not won by any government to date.
While the consumption of material goods has increased over these 25 years, they are not related, at least directly with poverty indicator. The reason is the income inequality, which affect the social inequality. To be established the social equality should be required the redistribution of income according to the vital needs of social strata's. Otherwise, the effect is summed up in the phrase 'poverty-rascality'.
The basic elements to take out from poverty a person or family, you can find as the first step in a list of foods, enough for every day not stimulate the feeling of hunger. As the second step for this man alone or together with his family should be to offer a place or refuge where to stay in a hygienic manner and equipped with furniture so as to meet the basic needs of sleep, stay and hygiene. Clothing and all other services should have to be in existential level.
The breakdown of the elements and specific conditions for living needs and the 'cost' of the poor, helps us to meet the constraints idea about today experiencing for all ages. The cost of poverty should serve above all as instruments of policy difference between what we've endured as a burden on the shoulder with the policy we want. We need to remember to understand the extent of social disease. The cost of poverty is the basket of economic policy outcomes, fiscal and social governance. We need everyone to know.
But, what does poverty represent for the state?
Poverty is broken social contract unilaterally. In our eyes poverty is present with images of children, adults and the elderly and uncoated, hungry, and unable to pay for health services.
Social welfare policies and government objectives to help the poor I perceive associated with a picture to show us the positives about poverty. At the end of every government session, the improving conditions for the poor and the role of government should result in changing the level of poverty.
- How has reduced the level of poverty each of the governments of Albania in these last 25 years?
- I do not know!