Health & Medical Muscles & Bones & Joints Diseases

How to Correct a Torn Ligament

    Minor Treatment

    • 1). Rest the ligament. Which ligament is torn will largely determine how long it takes to heal. Sufficient rest of the ligament is essential for it to heal quickly and properly.

    • 2). Apply ice to the injured area for 15 to 30 minutes. Use a compression pad to reduce swelling and allow the blood to more easily circulate around the tear.

    • 3). Elevate the injured ligament using pillows or other items. This will help drain excess blood from the affected area and reduce swelling.

    • 4). Strengthen the ligament. Perform rehabilitation exercises provided by your doctor to regain range of motion and stability. To avoid pain, stretch before doing the strengthening exercises. Resume normal athletic activity when the ligament is back to normal.

    Severe Treatment

    • 1). Contact your physician. A trained physician will be able to diagnose the severity of the injury and recommend a surgeon capable of repairing the ligament.

    • 2). The surgeon will make a skilled incision through the skin to gain access to the injured ligament.

    • 3). If the ligament is severely torn, the surgeon will remove what's left of it, using a specialized shaver. Otherwise the existing ligament will be reattached to the bone with stitches.

    • 4). If the ligament needs to be replaced, a ligament harvested from another part of the body will be inserted with screws to the bone. In the case of a torn anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL, a tendon from the hamstring is used.

    • 5). The surgeon stitches the incision he made to gain access to the torn ligament.

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