But how do you do it? It isn't difficult but there are a lot of choices to make.
First of all you need to realize that different periodicals have different rules.
In this article I'm going to use a set of rules that most periodicals have adopted.
Unfortunately, there are four different versions of them and most periodicals adopt only one or at most two.
The book of style I'm going to use is the Chicago Manual of Style.
So how to write citations for a book? First you need to decide where your citations are going to go.
Citations can be placed at the end of the article, in the footnotes, in a sidebar or throughout the article.
There are a number of reasons to choose each but the number of citations in the article, and the desire to provide a single bibliography or further readings section are two of the main decisions.
If you have a large number of quotations, one of the ways is to decide to place a large citations list at the back of the article and then incorporate the citation throughout the article.
In this case you would place a citation beside the quotation.
This citation would look something along these lines: (Ford, 2009, p20).
It consists very simply of the author's name, the year of publication and the page with round brackets around them.
Sometimes a number follows the citation to make identification within the citation list easier.
Of course, that's not enough information -- even for a book.
So at the end of the article you need to include a citations list in one of the other three suggested formats.
If you are using a citations list, or putting the citations in the footnotes or at the end of the article you need to use a different format.
Again the format begins with a choice.
The first choice is if you are going to use the Author's name in filing format or in normal format.
If you choose to use the author's name in normal English format there is only one way to create the citation.
You begin with the author's name, the chapter name, the book name.
The publication location, publisher and year surrounded by a round bracket then follows.
Finally comes the page number and any other information.
For example, you might have a citation that looks like this: 1.
Glen Ford, "Planning Your Book: Establishing the Structure" in How To Write Your Own How to Book in 24 Hours or Less, (Mississauga, TrainingNOW, 2009), pg 17.
Of course if there is no chapter name only the book title would be shown.
If more than four authors are credited the phrase et al.
would be substituted.
If you choose to use the Author's name in filing order (that's last name first) then there are two formats you can use.
The only difference between the two is that in one, the date is placed after the author's name.
In the other the date is placed after the publisher.
The two formats look like this: 1.
Ford,Glen, "Planning Your Book: Establishing the Structure" in How To Write Your Own How to Book in 24 Hours or Less, Mississauga, TrainingNOW, 2009, pg 17.
Or alternatively: 1.
Ford, Glen, 2009, "Planning Your Book: Establishing the Structure" in How To Write Your Own How to Book in 24 Hours or Less, Mississauga, TrainingNOW, pg 17.
Once you have decided then you must use the same format throughout your article.